The CIA and the Pentagon have also
organized proxy armies to overthrow governments that are not well liked
in Washington. In 1961, for instance, U.S. warships ferried a small army
of mercenaries to Cuba, hoping to reverse the Cuban Revolution. They
landed at the Bay of Pigs.
[Uncle Sam, lighting a Cuban cigar, says:] We'll show 'em!
It was the fifth U.S. invasion of Cuba this century. But this time the
U.S. was defeated. 
In the 1970s and '80s, the CIA was particularly busy financing, training
and arming guerilla armies around the world.
For years the U.S. backed Portugal's efforts to hang on to its colonies
in southern Africa, helping it stave off independence wars in Angola and
In 1975, after a democratic revolution in Portugal, the Portuguese
called it quits.
But Washington didn't!
Instead, it teamed up with the apartheid regime in South Africa to
supply a mercenary army to fight the new government in independent
Angola. And in Mozambique, top U.S. and South African politicians and
ex-military officers sponsored a particularly brutal bunch of
mercenaries who massacred tens of thousands of peasants. 
South African apartheid Regime: Freedom!
Go to Next Page