When History Repeats Itself ... The Nazi Roots.
"Naturally, the common people don't want war. Voice or no voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. All you have to do is tell them they are being attacked and denounce the pacifists for lack of patriotism." —Hermann Goering, Hitler's 2nd in command & President of the Reichstag.
ECHOES FROM THE PAST
The new leader of the "free world," who promised a "new world order" did not win power by democratic means. He was appointed after he failed to win the presidency with a majority of the votes (1,2). Yet, he did have the backing of banks, industrialists, and transnational corporations, including those controlled or directed by America's leading families, and the father of George Bush (2,3,4).
And that same year he took office, the nation was struck by terrorists. One of the nation's most recognizable symbols, a towering majestic building, burned and then crashed to the ground (5).
"This is a cunning and well-prepared plot," the leader of the nation proclaimed (6).
Terrorists were to blame, the government announced, foreign terrorists and their agents.
Yet, what the people were not told, was that the man ostensibly in charge of the investigation, deleted critical information and rewrote investigative police reports. He did so to protect and cover up government involvement in this dastardly deed (7,8).
The government and the nation's media were instead warned that terrorists were running amok, the nation was in danger, freedom itself was under assault. The nation and freedom must be protected from terrorism, the people were told (7,9).
The leader who promised a "new world order" warned the nation that only his party could protect the people from terrorism. Only his party was concerned with national security. He, his minions, and the media which supported him, demanded that the people give them their votes, to give his party a ruling majority, and he derided the patriotism of those who opposed him (7,9,10).
Officials of opposing parties were threatened. Laws were hastily passed, supported even by those who opposed his rule. The constitution itself was modified, in order to protect the citizens, to protect freedom, to protect the nation, the people were told (11).
"The laws are too liberal" the leader complained.
Those "associated" with the "terrorists," were rounded up and jailed without charge, and their property, their homes, their charities, were seized by the state. Citizens, children, government officials, working men and women were encouraged to spy on their friends, neighbors, and coworkers, and to report anyone and anything that might be suspicious. And those deemed suspicious, were rounded up without charge, jailed, and denied legal counsel, and most were never seen or heard from again (7,9,12).
And then the leader demanded that civil service laws be altered to give him power to hire only those of his choosing, and to fire those who displeased him. The leader required this power to protect the people from the terrorists who were threatening the nation, it was said (13).
But the true terrorists, those responsible for the "terrorist attack," were government agents, controlled by the most powerful men in government. As Hermann Goering later boasted, "who burned the Reichstag? I burned it."
As the people later learned, but as many suspected even then, it was Hitler, Goering, and the Nazis, who were behind the plot to set fire to the Reichstag, Germany's parliament -- the same men who would use terrorism and the threat of terrorism to consolidate their power and as a pretext to set the world on fire (7,9).
THOSE WHO BURN BOOKS, BURN PEOPLE
In 2000, as the election year heated up, the presidential race between Bush and Gore seemed too close to call. According to national polls, both men were in a statistical dead heat.
And then, a sensational book was published, which threatened to destroy Bush's chances for the presidency. St. Martin's Press had just released 70,000 copies of "Fortunate Son," a biography of George W. Bush, written by investigative journalist, author, and one-time convict, James H. Hatfield. Within 72 hours the book shot to to #8 on Amazon.com's Top 100 and #30 on The New York Times Best Seller list.
The well researched and documented book (14) confirmed what many suspected. George Bush, a man with a history of alcoholism, and at least one ticket on his record for drunk driving, had also abused drugs. In 1972, while absent without leave from the Texas Air National Guard -- a period of desertion which lasted at least 11 months (14,15) -- George W. Bush had been arrested and convicted for possession of cocaine. He had been sentenced, by a Dallas judge, to perform community service, at the completion of which, the conviction was expunged from his record.
Even before Hatfield's book hit the shelves, it had already been confirmed that George W. Bush had been a cocaine abusing drunk.
Michael C. Dannenhauer, the chief of staff of former President George H.W. Bush (George W's father) revealed in an April 1998 interview with Houston Public News reporter Toby Rogers, that Bush "was out of control since college. There was cocaine use, lots of women, but the drinking was the worst" (16).
During the 2000 campaign, when confronted by reporters, Bush confirmed these allegations by dismissing them. He blurted out that he hadn't taken drugs "since 1974." Later he and his staff dealt with these charges by refusing to discuss them.
As to Hatfield's book, that too was dealt with. First, the Dallas Morning News received confidential information on Hatfield's criminal past which was then trumpeted before the nation. As to the book itself, the powers that be at St. Martin's Press announced they were going to withdraw Hatfield's best selling book, and burn it. It will be turned into "furnace fodder" they proclaimed (17).
The burning of dangerous books ... that too has Nazi roots.
In May, 1933, the Nazis conducted book burning campaigns throughout Germany. Tens of thousands of books which threatened the Nazi leadership and their ideology, were burned by university students and professors, as well as SA troops who ransacked public libraries. Books were burned in Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hannover, Munich, Nuremberg, Cologne, Dortmund, Halle, Würzburg, Münster, Göttingen, Königsberg, Salzburg, and Koblenz, and the burnings were celebrated with torch light parades. And those which were not burned, were pulped and sent off to paper mills -- the same fate which befell the copies of Hatfield's book which escaped the fires.
History tells us, those who burn books ... burn people. In 2000, the powers that be, like those from Nazi Germany, again ordered the burning of books. Hatfield's dangerous book, was thrown to the flames.
And history tells us, those who burn books ... burn people.
On July, 20, 2001, James Hatfield, the nemesis of George Bush and the author of this dangerous book, was found dead (18).
On the morning of September 11, 2001, three thousand other Americans would also die -- and like the dangerous book written by James Hatfield, they too would burn in flames.
But unlike Hatfield's book, which threatened to upset the Bush plans for grabbing the Presidency, the death of these three thousands innocent souls would save the Bush Presidency and fuel a Bush power grab and an assault on the constitution and civil liberties unprecedented in the history of the United States -- but eerily reminiscent of those terrible events that led to the rise of Nazi Germany.
THE POST 9/11 DICTATORSHIP?
"A dictatorship would be a heck of a lot easier, there's no question about it." -- George W. Bush.
"We don't seek to change a single word of the Constitution . . . we are merely proposing a few practical exemptions." -- George W. Bush.
We must "update our Bill of Rights to reflect 21st Century realities." -- George W. Bush
Like the Nazis who passed or issued numerous edicts designed to destroy constitutionally guaranteed civil rights, following the "terrorist" attack on the Reichstag, the Bush administration did likewise. Using the threat of terrorism, the Bush administration proposed laws such as the "Patriot Act," and the Homeland Security bill -- laws which would give the FBI unprecedented access to private homes, business, phone calls, e-mails, and letters, and which would provide Bush with the right to fire those civil service employees who did not share his views (19).
The Bush team also ushered in the Operation TIPS program which encourages tens of thousands of mail carriers, utility workers and others with access to private homes to spy on American citizens and report suspicious activity (20). The Nazis also enacted similar programs soon after coming to power.
With little debate, the "Patriot Act" was hastily passed by congress in October of 2001. The "Patriot Act" constituted a major "legal" assault on civil liberties and the constitution.
The American Civil Liberties Union describes the "Patriot Act" as "significantly boosting the government's law enforcement powers while continuing a trend to cut back on the checks and balances that Americans have traditionally relied on to protect individual liberty."
"This law is based on the faulty assumption that safety must come at the expense of civil liberties," said Laura W. Murphy, Director of the ACLU's Washington National Office. "The USA Patriot Act gives law enforcement agencies nationwide extraordinary new powers unchecked by meaningful judicial review."
Indeed, like the Nazi laws passed 70 years prior, the Patriot Act, signed into law by Bush (21), suspends or curtails a number of constitutionally guaranteed civil rights (19,20,22,23), i.e., individuals can be arrested and detained indefinitely without charge; police powers are increased enabling them to monitor private telephone conversations or to conduct secret searches with minimal judicial oversight; private business records can be seized even if there is no evidence of a crime; American citizens can be spied on for "intelligence" purposes and without the need of a warrant; even librarians can be ordered to provide police with lists of all books and reading material checked out by a "person of interest" even though there is no evidence of a crime.
Non-citizens, basically have no rights at all if the president or his attorney general decides to suspend them. If the person is not a U.S. citizen they may be arrested on the order of the president or attorney general. They may be held in secrecy for an indefinite period, have their conversations with attorneys monitored, be tried by a military tribunal, and if found guilty they may be executed without the right of appeal or judicial review. In fact, they have no right to a lawyer. A non-citizen can thus be arrested, tried, and executed in secret -- and the same applies to U.S. born citizens who are identified as "enemy combatants" by the Bush administration (23,24).
As summed up by Nancy Chang, Senior Litigation Attorney Center for Constitutional Rights (25), "The Administration's blatant power grab, coupled with the wide array of anti-terrorism tools that the USA PATRIOT Act puts at its disposal, portends a wholesale suspension of civil liberties that will reach far beyond those who are involved in terrorist activities. First, the Act places our First Amendment rights to freedom of speech and political association in jeopardy by creating a broad new crime of "domestic terrorism," and by denying entry to non-citizens on the basis of ideology. Second, the Act will reduce our already lowered expectations of privacy under the Fourth Amendment by granting the government enhanced surveillance powers. Third, non-citizens will see a further erosion of their due process rights as they are placed in mandatory detention and removed from the United States under the Act. Political activists who are critical of our government or who maintain ties with international political movements, in addition to immigrants, are likely to bear the brunt of these attacks on our civil liberties."
Cities, townships, and several police departments across the United States also objected to this law. Many passed resolutions, laws, or issued statements proclaiming they would not comply, explaining that the Patriot act was an assault on civil liberties (19). The Bush administration responded to these complaints by attacking those who made them.
On February 28, 1933, following a terrorist assault on the Reichstag, an almost identical assault on the constitution and civil rights, was signed into law by the Nazi government of Adolf Hitler (11).
And like Hitler, President George Bush has repeatedly attacked the patriotism of those who do not support his assaults on civil liberties. And like Hitler, Bush asked the citizens to give his party a ruling majority: "The democrats .... [in the] Senate are more interested in special interests in Washington and not interested in the security of the American people."
Hitler used the threat of terrorism as a campaign theme and to consolidate his power to gain control of the German parliament. George Bush and team have followed the same Nazi recipe.
"We expect to get votes in the fall because of the War on Terrorism." -- Ari Fleischer, Bush White House Spokesman
“Bush Adviser Suggests War as Campaign Theme,” -- New York Times, 1/19/02
“President Bush’s top political adviser said today that Republicans will make the president’s handling of the war on terrorism the centerpiece of their strategy to win back the Senate and keep control of the House in this year’s midterm elections.” -- Washington Post, 1/19/02
Identical political strategies were used and implemented by Nazis in 1933.
"Bush wants to divert attention from his domestic problems. It's a classic tactic. It's one that Hitler also used." -- Herta Daubler-Gmelin, Germany's Justice Minister, 9/17/2002.
George W. Bush, has a tendency to use an upraised, stiff-armed Nazi salute when greeting crowds of friends and supporters. And, just as Adolf Hitler repeatedly emphasized that his actions were based on "feelings," "emotions," and intuitive thoughts, George Bush claims likewise.
"I have always been guided by the wisdom of the inner Voice ... by Divine intuition. I have never trusted logic" -- Adolf Hitler.
As noted in a recent book by Bush-administration "deep-throat" insider, Bob Woodward ("Bush's War"), Bush prides himself on relying on his emotions, on "intuition" and "gut feelings" and the "inner voice" when making judgments or planning some course of action.
Like Hitler, Bush has also voiced a desire to be a "dictator."
"If this were a dictatorship, it'd be a heck of a lot easier, just so long as I'm the dictator." -- George W. Bush 12/18/2000.
These similarities are not a function of "coincidence." The Bush family was in business with the Nazis prior to and after Hitler declared war on America. As detailed by John Loftus, former prosecutor in the U.S. Justice Department's Nazi War Crimes Unit, "the Bush family fortune came from the Third Reich" (4).
"A clique of U.S. industrialists is hell-bent to bring a fascist state to supplant our democratic government and is working closely with the fascist regime in Germany and Italy. I have had plenty of opportunity in my post in Berlin to witness how close some of our American ruling families are to the Nazi regime." -- William Dodd, US Ambassador to Germany in 1937.
The Nazi-link to the Bush family, was first alleged in 1934 by the U.S. Congress which believed that Hamburg-America Line and Union bank, which were directed by Prescott Bush, were subsidizing the Nazi movement in Germany and the United States (3,4,26,27). Corporations associated or directed by Bush and his cronies, had been working with and financing the Nazis and their supporters, since 1924.
"The Bush family were crucial players in setting up the industrial power behind the Third Reich." --Robert Lederman, Philadelphia City Paper (26).
In 1942, the Bush family was still in business with the Nazis, despite the declaration of war by Hitler against the United States (3,4,26,27). In consequence, three Bush companies were seized by the U.S. government, for being in violation of the Trading with the Enemies Act (27,28).
As we shall discover, doing business with those who kill Americans is a Bush business tradition. In October of 1942, however, the government of the United States tried to put the Bush family out of business.
US Government Vesting Order No. 248, issued in 1942, resulted in the seizure of Union Banking's assets as they were being used to support the Nazi war effort and were serving as a Nazi front. Two other Vesting Orders were issued that year (nos. 259 and 261) and two more Nazi-front companies directed by the Bush bank and his associates were seized: Holland American Trading Corporation and Seamless Steel Equipment Corporation (21,28).
Prescott Bush was forced to divest himself, at least overtly, of his Nazi associations.
Following the end of the war, Bush negotiated with his friends in government, trading his Nazi assets and Nazi contacts in return for political favors, including support when he sought political office. With the helpful assistance of Bush and his cronies including in particular, Allen Dulles, Nazis were recruited and became high ranking members of an American Intelligence organization that would later be renamed the CIA (3,23,24) -- an organization that George H.W. Bush would soon lead.
As detailed by Christopher Simpson, BBC News, UPI, and others (29,30,31) after WWII, Nazis were recruited, brought to the United States, and then subsidized by the CIA to build a power base for the Republican right wing. Several Nazid became top Bush campaign aids (31,33,33).
LIKE FATHER LIKE SON
George H. W. Bush when he sought the Presidency in 1988, was forced, like his father, Senator Prescott Bush, to divest himself of Nazi associations. The Bush-Nazi connection was exposed by the Washington based weekly newspaper, Jewish Week (31), and George Bush was forced to fire a number of Nazi and neo-Nazi advisors (32,33).
Of course, after the election, four of these neo-Nazis were brought back into the fold and were offered high paying positions in the Republican Party (30).
It has been said, that those who do not learn from the past, are condemned to repeat it.
Some repeat the past, because they have learned from it.
GETTING OUT OF HARM'S WAY
At 10 am, that nightmarish September 11 morning, a jet soared above the clouds, a thousand miles from the raging fires that burned in New York city. Inside that jet stood a smirking, smiling man who later explained to reporters that he had run for his life in order to "get out of harm's way" (34). And in that moment of triumph, as he ran for his life, his picture was taken, a picture which would later be sold and distributed to his supporters.
The picture was of President George W. Bush as he spoke by phone to his vice-president, Dick Cheney, who was hiding in the White House basement.
A picture says a thousand words.
There is no sign of sadness on the smirking face of George W. Bush. There is no sign of compassion or concern for those innocent women and men who burned to death or who fell a thousand feet and died. There is not a hint of sympathy for the thousands of grieving families, for the wives, sons, mothers, fathers, husbands daughters, or friends of those who died.
Indeed, in comments made to reporters, Bush admitted that his only thoughts were for those of his family, his father, and himself, which is why he was running for his life in order to "get out of harm's way" (34).
A picture says a thousand words.
Although he is frightened, although he is running for his life, he seems to be saying: "I'm safe ... We won!"
1). On January 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany, by President Paul von Hindenburg. Adolf Hitler in the two previous elections had failed to obtain a majority of the votes for the Presidency.
2). After five weeks, the disputed 2000 presidential elections were decided, on December 12, 2000, by the United States Supreme Court, which ruled that Democratic Presidential nominee, Albert Gore, did not have the right to demand a recount of the contested Florida ballots: SUPREME COURT OF THE UNITED STATES, GEORGE W. BUSH, et al., PETITIONERS v. ALBERT GORE, Jr., et al. [December 12, 2000]. Justice Scalia argued that a recount would "threaten irreparable harm to petitioner (Bush) ... by casting a cloud upon what he claims to be the legitimacy of his election." By ruling in favor of George Bush, the Supreme Court thus effectively ruled him the winner of the 2000 elections even though Bush had lost the popular vote. Thus it could be said that by taking the side of Bush, and by making "an unmistakable partisan decision without any foundation in law," that right-wing Justice Scalia appointed Bush president. The Court's actions, were seen as sensible, legally legitimate, and pragmatically defensible to some, and an egregious, traitorous abuse of power to others. Vincent Bugliosi, former California prosecutor, has argued that "the five justices stole the election" (The Nation, 2/5/2001).
3). Webster G. Tarpley & Anton Chaitkin, "George Bush: The Unauthorized Biography," The Executive Intelligence Review.
4). John Loftus and Mark Aarons. "The Secret War Against The Jews" St. Martins Press, New York, 1994.
5). On February 27, 1933, the Reichstag, the German Parliament building, was burned. Marinus van der Lubbe, a Dutch Communist "terrorist," was arrested and later executed.
6). Adolf Hitler, 2/27/1933
7). J. Toland. "Adolf Hitler," Doubleday, New York, 1976. As detailed in Toland's book, Hermann Goering, rewrote investigative notes and records of the Reichstag fire in order to throw investigators off the scent and to implicate several individuals who had no part in the plot.
8). Coleen M. Rowley, FBI division legal advisor for 12 years, Rowley accused FBI director Mueller and the FBI of a "cover-up " for "political reasons," and went on to note that other agents were accusing FBI headquarters of "deliberate" sabotage. That sabotage included deleting critical information and rewriting a search warrant in order to prevent Minnesota FBI agents from uncovering the plot to attack the World Trade Center.
9). W. L. Shirer. "The Rise & Fall of the Third Reich." Fawcett World Library, New York, 1960.
10). Following the 9/11 attack, and during the 2002 mid-term elections, vice-president Dick Cheney and President George Bush, repeatedly attacked the patriotism of democrats. Using the "war on terrorism" as a campaign gimmick, Bush pleaded with the public to elect a Republic House and Senate, and claimed that the Democrats were putting special interests ahead of the safety of the country.
11). On February 28, 1933, an emergency decree "For the Protection of the German People" altered the constitution and eliminated a number of civil rights. This "Law" restricted demonstrations, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, and the sanctity of the home, security of mail and telephone, and authorized the confiscation of literature considered to be dangerous to the state. Likewise in 2002, Republic president George Bush, asked Congress to pass several laws, such as "Patriot ACT" and the Homeland Security Bill, which would alter the Bill of Rights, and give authorities the right to search homes and offices, wire tap phones, and open mail, without the necessity of a search warrant.
12). After the 9/11 attack, over 1,000 Muslim men, including at least two American citizens, were rounded up, jailed, and held without charge and without benefit of an attorney and with no right to speak with relatives or friends.
13). On April 7, 1933, the "Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service" was passed. This law gave Hitler the authority to dismiss all politically unwanted persons from Civil Service jobs including those in universities and libraries. The "Homeland Security" bill provides George W. Bush with the same right -- that is, the right to hire and fire security agents and personnel who would be denied civil service protection and whose loyalty would thus be to President Bush.
14). St. Martin's Press stated that Fortunate Son had been "scrupulously corroborated" and "fact-checked" by in-house attorneys and a respected Washington, DC. firm that specialized in "vetting" biographies for publishing houses.
15). Boston Globe, 5/23/2000. "One-year gap in Bush's National Guard Duty. No Record From 1972-73, by Walter V. Robinson. See also, The New Republic, 10/16/2000, 11/13/2000.
16). The Greenwich Village Gazette, 9/13/1999.
17). On October 1, 2002, I called the executive offices of St. Martin's Press, to obtain an explanation for why they burned these books. No explanation was forthcoming.
18). Hatfield's death was officially ruled a suicide.
19). The homeland security legislation will launch the largest government reorganization in US history. It would combine 22 federal agencies involved in counter-terrorism into a new department with more than 170,000 employees and a budget of $17.5bn. Mr. Bush argues that he must have broad powers to hire and fire workers to deal with changing terrorism threats. But Democrats, long allies of organized labor, charge that the president is seeking an unwarranted rollback of collective bargaining and civil service protections. Among the provision of the bill, passed by the U.S. Senate, on November 19, 2002, includes a number of special interest provisions that have nothing to do with terrorism, but which rewards companies which avoid US taxes by leaving the country and establishing their headquarters "off shore," and which provide legal protection for pharmaceutical companies which make drugs that might harm men, women, and children. Some of the pharmaceutical companies that will be protected include those in which George H.W. Bush and his associates, have investments, and those which have created experimental drugs which have harmed over a hundred thousand Gulf War veterans.
20). The TIPS program was announced by the Bush administration in January 2002. The TIPS program creates a national information sharing system for specific industry groups, such as water, electric, and gas meter readers, telephone repairmen, delivery drivers, postal workers, and so on, to report suspicious, publicly observable activity , including activity observed in private homes, that could be related to terrorism. This reporting system is to be administered by the Department of Justice in coordination with several other federal agencies, including the Office of Homeland Security, the Department of Labor, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and FEMA, as a part of Citizen Corps. The TIPS program includes a centralized telephone hotline and web-based reporting system that automatically and immediately routes tips to appropriate federal, state, and local law enforcement nationwide; The program is scheduled to be operational in the fall of 2002 as one of the new Citizen Corps programs.
21). Reminiscent of the laws which were hastily passed following the Reichstag fire, the Patriot acts was hastily-drafted, and then passed with virtually no public hearing or debate. The Senate was stampeded into passing this law, 98-to-1. In the House, 356 congressman voted yes, vs. 66 who dared to vote no. On October 26, the Act was signed into law by a triumphant President George W. Bush.
22). In a letter sent to letter was sent to Senators Bob Graham, Orrin Hatch, Patrick Leahy, and Richard Shelby, Assistant Attorney General Daniel J. Bryant, of Department of Justice, acting as a representative of the Bush administration, openly advocated the suspension of the Fourth Amendment: "As Commander-in-Chief, the President must be able to use whatever means necessary to prevent attacks upon the United States; this power, by implication, includes the authority to collect information necessary to its effective exercise. . . The government's interest has changed from merely conducting foreign intelligence surveillance to counter intelligence operations by other nations, to one of preventing terrorist attacks against American citizens and property within the continental United States itself. The courts have observed that even the use of deadly force is reasonable under the Fourth Amendment if used in self-defense or to protect others . . . Here, for Fourth Amendment purposes, the right to self-defense is not that of an individual, but that of the nation and its citizens . . . If the government's heightened interest in self-defense justifies the use of deadly force, then it certainly would also justify warrantless searches."
23). In addition to the opposition of numerous civil rights groups, cities and police departments across the nation voiced opposition and passed laws and resolutions that called the USA Patriot Act a threat to the civil rights of the residents of their communities. Cities passing resolutions in opposition include Cambridge, Denver, Northampton, Amherst, Leverett, Carrboro, Berkeley, Ann Arbor, and so on. The resolution passed in Cambridge, says in part, "We believe these civil liberties [freedom of speech, assembly and privacy; equality before the law; due process; and freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures] are now threatened by the USA Patriot Act." Police departments in various cities across the nation, including Portland, Ore., vowed to defy the Justice Department and this law, explaining that state law barred police from questioning people who are not suspected of a crime.
24). U.S. citizen, Jose Padilla, of Chicago Illinois, was labeled as an "enemy combatant," in June of 2002, by the Bush administration. "Enemy combatant," is a legal designation allowing the government to jail him without formal criminal charges. As of October, 2002, Padilla was still being held in a military prison in South Carolina, although he has not been charged with a crime. Padilla can be held indefinitely. His attorney has argued in court that he is being held illegally and should be released as his arrest and incarceration is "unconstitutional." Yaser Esam Hamdi was born in Louisiana. He is being held in a military prison, in Norfolk, Virginia, although he has not been charged with a crime. The Justice Department has argued that he is not entitled to an attorney. U.S. District Judge Robert Doumar who is hearing the case, responded to the government's position by asking, "so the Constitution doesn't apply to Mr. Hamdi?'' He then when on to say: I have no desire to have an enemy combatant get out. But due process requires something other than a declaration by someone named Mobbs that he should be held incommunicado. Isn't that what we're fighting for?"
25). Nancy Chang, Senior Litigation Attorney, Center for Constitutional Rights, 10/1/2001.
26). Robert Lederman, Philadelphia City Paper, 1/18/01
27). In October of 1942, Prescott Bush, was managing partner of Brown Brothers Harriman. On Oct. 20, 1942, Under the Trading with the Enemy Act, the U.S. government ordered the seizure of Nazi German banking operations in New York City which were being directed by Prescott Bush, including the Union Banking Corporation, in which Bush was a director. The U.S. Alien Property Custodian seized Union Banking Corp.'s stock shares, all of which were owned by Prescott Bush, E. Roland, Bunny Harriman, and three Nazis, and two other Bush associates. The vesting order noted that the Union Banking Corporation was run as a front for the "Thyssen family" of "Germany" and designated "Thyssen" as "nationals ... of a designated enemy country." In 1941, Fritz Thyssen, wrote a book, titled, "I Paid Hitler" Kennikat Press, New York, 1972.
28). Office of Alien Property Custodian, Vesting Order No. 248, executed October 20, 1942; F.R. Doc. 42-11568; Filed, November 6, 1942; 7 Fed. Reg. 9097. New York City Directory of Directors list Prescott Bush as a director of Union Banking Corporation for the years 1934 through 1943. Alien Property Custodian Vesting Order No. 259: Seamless Steel Equipment Corporation; Vesting Order No. 261: Holland-American Trading Corp. Alien Property Custodian Vesting Order No. 370: Silesian-American Corp. New York Times (12/16/1944) "The Union Banking Corporation, 39 Broadway, New York, has change its principal place of business to 120 Broadway." 120 Broadway is the address of the government's Alien Property Custodian.
29). BBC News, 9/17/2001"CIA Recruits Nazis;" UPI 9/20/2000, "CIA says Nazi general was intelligence source;" Christopher Simpson, "Blowback," 1988; As detailed by Simpson, BBC News, and UPI, after WWII, Nazis were recruited, brought to the United States, and then subsidized by the CIA to build a power base for the Republican right wing. Some were brought here as individuals others as well organized groups. The U.S. State Department and the CIA put high-ranking Nazis on the intelligence payroll in order to use "their expertise in propaganda and psychological warfare." Reinhold Gehlen, Hitler's most senior eastern front military intelligence officer, was employed by the U.S. to fight an intelligence war and to employ propaganda against the American people.
30). Russ Bellant "Old Nazis, The New Right And The Republican Party." South End Press. Boston, 1991.
31). Washington Jewish Week, 9/8/1988.
32). David Lee Preston, Philadelphia Inquirer, "Fired Bush backer one of several with possible Nazi links" (9/10/1988).
33). Among those fired, included Nicholas Nazarenko, an ex-Waffen SS officer, and Bohdan Fedorak, who headed a WWII Nazi group involved in anti-Jewish wartime pogroms.