CITY OF CLEARWATER COMMISSION HEARINGS RE: THE CHURCH OF SCIENTOLOGY
INTRODUCTION TO SCIENTOLOGY ETHICS
Dianetics: The Original Thesis: The 1948 thesis -- L. Ron Hubard's comprehensive 30,000 word answer to a fast-growing demand by scientists and public for information on the new science. It gives the early fundamentals, axioms and technical outline of Dianetics in the beginning of its brilliant history.
Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health. Published in May, 1950, Dianetics shot to the top of the best-seller lists across the country and stayed there week after week and month after month -- and has been a continuing best-seller of international importance ever since.
World response to Dianetics was typically expressed in terms like those of the New York Times review: "As with all great books, the impact of Dianetics means the world will never be the same again. History has become a race between Dianetics and catastrophe. Dianetics will win if enough people are challenged, in time, to understand it."
Scientology: A New Slant on Life. All-time favorite essays by the founder of Scientology -- twenty-eight of them -- are here brought together for the first time, in an enjoyable and profoundly useful volume.
Scientology: The Fundamentals of Thought. The basic book of the theory and practice of Scientology for beginners.
The Problems of Work. Scientology applied to the work-a-day world -- a book that shows any person the road to becoming more competent and more able, less tired and more secure in his job.
or the bookstore of your local Church of Scientology.
SEND FOR PRICES
Cover Design Copyright © 1971 by L. Ron Hubbard
A SUPPRESSIVE PERSON or GROUP is one that actively seeks to suppress or damage Scientology or a Scientologist by Suppressive Acts.
SUPPRESSIVE ACTS are acts calculated to impede or destroy Scientology or a Scientologist and which are listed at length below.
A POTENTIAL TROUBLE SOURCE is defined as a person who while active in Scientology, or while a preclear, yet remains connected to a person or group that is a Suppressive Person or Suppressive Group. Until this connection is handled by special auditing, nothing beneficial can happen (A Potential Trouble Source is a person or preclear who "roller-coasters", i.e., gets better, then worse. This occurs only when his connection to a suppressive person or group is unhandled and he must, in order to make his gains from Scientology permanent, receive processing intended to handle such.)
Suppressive Acts are defined as actions or omissions undertaken to knowingly suppress, reduce or impede Scientology or Scientologists.
Cancellation of Certificates, Classifications and Awards and assignment of a Condition of ENEMY are amongst the penalties which can be leveled for this type of offense as well as those recommended by Committees of Evidence.
A. ATTACKS ON SCIENTOLOGY AND SCIENTOLOGISTS.
INTELLIGENCE SPECIALIST TRAINING ROUTINE - TR 1
Purpose: To train the student to give a false statement with good TR-1. To train the student the outflow false data effectively.
Position: Same as TR-1.
Commands: Part l "Tell me a lie". Command given by coach. Part 2 interview type 2 WC by coach.
Training Stress: In Part 1 coach gives command, student originates a falsehood. Coach flunks for out TR 1 or TR O. In Part 2 coach asks questions of the student on his background or a subject. Student gives untrue data of a plausible sort that the student backs up with further explanatory data upon the coach [sic] further questions. The coach flunks for out TR O and TR 1, and for student fumbling on question answers. The student should be coached on a gradient until he/she can lie facily.
Coach: Where do you come from?
Student: I come from the Housewives Committee on Drug Abuse.
Coach: But you said earlier that you were single.
Student: Well, actually I was married but am divorced. I have 2 kids in the suburbs where I am a housewife, in fact I'm a member of the P.T.A.
Coach: What town is it that you live in?
Student: West Brighton.
Coach: But there is no public school in West Brighton.
Student: I know. I send my children to school in Brighton, and that's where I'm a P.T.A. member.
Coach: Oh, and who is the Chairman there?
THE FOLLOWING ARE POSSIBILITIES FOR COLLECTING DATA.
3. BUYING INFORMATION.
THE LAST TWO ARE, OF COURSE ILLEGAL.
INFILTRATION COVERS TWO METHODS - SOMEONE JOINING THE ENEMY WITHOUT THE ENEMY'S KNOWING AND SOMEONE, DISAFFECTING PRESUMABLY, TO JOIN THE ENEMY.
FOR GIVING THE ENEMY FALSE DATA, YOU CAN DO THE FOLLOWING:
1. USE INFILTRATOR TO SPREAD ALARM AND FALSE DATA.
2. SEND OUT FALSE DATA PURPOSELY.
[Handwritten:] Friend Gen
DG I US Comm
20 May 75
When Dick first wrote you on this subject a few of us in the office had been comparing notes and smatterings of legal knowledge on this subject with the end result of deciding we needed to research the differences between "breaking and entry" and "unlawful entry".
Upon searching through legal dictionaries and various legal sources I discovered in Wests California Penal Codes (which except for varying technical differences by state is representative of the basic US statewide law on this subject) that the technical differences between "b & e" and "unlawful entry" become relatively meaningless when it can be seen that a large portion, if not the majority, of our high priority successful Collections actions fall into the category of second degree burglary, which is a felony.
Some of our successful collections actions in the recent past and present which fall into this category are (past) GO 1222, GO 1300, GO 1361, GO 1344, GO 1080-Yoko, DEA; (present) GO 1361, GO 1344, DEA. (this is not an exhaustive rundown, just enough to demonstrate the importance)
From my study of the codes and from my knowledge of how the collections actions are done, one of the key points in solidifying the burglary commission is basically the theft of xerox paper and xerox machine use of whatever [illegible] is approached. Without this theft, then the distinction between "b&e" and "unlawful entry" would become important and could mean the difference between a felony and misdemeanor.
Definition: Every person who enters any building with intent to commit grand or petit larceny or any felony is guilty of burglary. (p.l.a; p2,a)
Defendant's entry into room to take personal property for temporary use, without intending to deprive owner thereof permanently, is not burglary. (p5.a)
Burglary may be committed by a breaking on the inside and it is burglary to enter an inner door with an intent to commit a felony even though the inner door was unlocked. (p7,a)
Evidence that employee devised plan to steal his employer's property, that such plan involved entry into employer's store by other persons for purpose of taking delivery of property, and that one of such persons was induced by employee to enter store for expressed purpose of aiding and abetting him in consummating scheme to defraud employer was sufficient to sustain employee's conviction of burglary. (p_,b)
One who enters a room or building with intent to commit a felony is guilty of burglary even though permission to enter has been extended to him personally or as a member of the public. (p8,a)
One who enters a room or building with intent to commit larceny is guilty of burglary even though express or implied permission has been given to him personally or as a member of the public. (p8,b)
Nighttime burglaries of a building currently used as sleeping and living quarters is burglary in the first degree, and all other burglaries by unarmed persons of other buildings, whether occupied or not, are in the second degree. (p11,a)
Punishment for Burglary in the second degree: by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding one year or in the state prison for not less than one year or more than 15 years -- in trial judges discretion. (p12,a,13,a).
Do not copy!!!
9 Mar 75
VETTING HAT WRITE UP
PURPOSE: To clean USBI files of legally actionable evidence against the GO and its personel.
Definition of 'EVIDENCE' "4. in law, a) something legally presented before a court, as a statement of witness, an object etc which bears on or establishes the point in question: distinguished from testimony and proof."
Valuable Final Product -- Files free of illegal evidence.
Steps taken to vet a file cabinet drawer or box:
This is how to vet a folder.
How the details of what you VET.
We must now vet every particle coming into CIC before it goes to the files. So when you send a paticle to files be sure to vet it and label it with a red V in the lower right hand corner.
REMEMBER each particle does not need to be thoroughly
read as you are vetting, scan it enough to be sure you would catch any
of the above instances and go on. Any Questions, ask CICOFF.
25 Mar 1977
RE: RED BOX
First of all, all data that is red box data, has to be pulled from your areas. The complete definition of Red Box material is attached.
Secondly, you must ensure that none of your juniors (for those of you who have them) have red box data in their areas.
All the red box material from your areas must be centrally located, together and in a moveable container (ideally a briefcase), locked, and marked.
When this is done in each area, we will divide up the amounts and deputize persons in the area to be responsible for its removal from the premises in the case of a raid. This procedure will be drilled. This procedure will stay in at the new location.
Please have all this data sorted and located in proper container by Monday night Mar 28. I will then divide up removal duties, and we will drill it Tuesday night just before the all hands.
RED BOX DATA INFORMATION SHEET
NOT FOR COPYING!!
This sheet is to be returned to Sec. of BI US
1. What is Red Box data?
2. Where is Red Box data kept?
3. How is Red Box data, kept on the BI premises, cared for?
BUTTON SURVEY: A comprehensive examination, inspection, researching or investigation of persons which have control or influence over an attacker's position of power to discover what they hate and love. Also the same activity in relation to the attacker to discover what he considers valuable or what he is protecting. The results of surveys are what Operations plans and channels are based on.
CHANNEL: (dictionary) The medium or route by which information, trade, influence, etc. are transmitted. Any means of passage, course through which something moves or passes.
(Ops) The way in which Operations buttons and data are utilized to bring about an enemy restraint or removal. There are usually 3 channels to an Operations project or plan.
INCIDENT: (dictionary) A definite distinct occurrence; an event. A relatively minor occurrence or event that precipitates a public crisis.
(BI, GO1150) "...any created incident and the result of such."
(Ops) A set of circumstances or event created covertly (stage manage behind the scenes), exceeds the standard enemy defenses, and which is of detriment to the enemy when exposed. It can be exploited by B1 or FR.
REMOVED: past tense of remove. Remove (dictionary): To take away. To do away with; eliminate. To dismiss from office.
(Ops) An attacker of Scn or Scns dismissed from the position of power from which he attacks as a result of Operation's actions.
RESTRAINT: Any influence that holds back from action, checks, represses; that limits or restricts, inhibits; that restricts freedom of action by either moral or physical force, frequently for one's own good.
(Ops) An enemy restricted on a gradient scale, from momentarily to permanently, from attacking Scn or Scns as a result of Operations actions. For statistical purposes restraints are classified as either "serious" or "mild".
Spreading rumors. Flunk for anyone spotting you as a source of falsity or troublemaking, etc.
Thirty partying. Flunk for being challenged as source of third party or conflict.
Creating effects. Do nothing illegal or anything which done without thought could reflect poorly back on the Church or yourself - ie, press, police record, etc. naming the Church or yourself. Flunk for disbelief of your guise or effect not fully created.
Creating incidents which reflect on others. Flunk for being spotted as creator. Take care here to use real targets or elements of society which are downstat, criminal or suppressive.
Recognizing basic effectiveness of plans. Take into account effectiveness, security, legality, workabilitly, etc. when making your decisions. Chose which basic plan is best.
a. General scene: person to restrain/remove, Mr. Jones, employee in local govt. agency attacking the Org.
b. General scene: a psychiatrist who has instigated attacks on the org via police and press.
c. General scene: a newspaper executive Clyde McDonald who's behind local attacks.
d. General scene: a grammar school teacher who got an applied scholastics grant cancelled and is continuing to cause trouble for ASI in other schools.
e. General scene: a local Catholic bishop is causing many local attacks on the org.
f. Mock up 5 similar examples as above on your own, noting the correct answer.
In each of the following write out 3 ways that you could connect up the target person as anti-love or pro-hate of his/her bosses (or person with power to influence his/her job) buttons.
VALUABLE/PROTECT: in each of the following write out 3 different ways that you could threaten or attack what each target person considers valuable or is protecting.
Following are drills to practice locating buttons for use in Ops. These are not by any means all the ways to find buttons. Any difficulties encountered should be reported to your supervisor so that proper referral to materials or cramming can be done.
Planning operations: Take each of the following situations and data and plan a three channel operation for each one, using full target series tech, with the purpose of removing or fully restraining the enemy concerned. The viewpoint on each of these is to get something going fast on each enemy and not to get involved in lengthy researching or data collecting. Fast research targets may be added if necessary.
a. Mock up an operation on: a local psychiatrist who doesn't formally practice psychiatry anymore, but has a column in a local newspaper in which he discusses just about anything he wants to, colored by his psych viewpoint. He has been traced back as the Who behind local press attacks on the Church. We know that he attends orgies rather frequently with male prostitutes; that he's married with two children; that he's a social heroin user -- uses it 1-2 times a month at parties; that the owner of the newspapers wife is a rabid Christian and despises anyone who is against that; that the newspaper owner dearly loves his wife and would do anything for her; that the psych likes to go sailing weekly on his yacht; and that he smokes camel cigarettes.
b. Mock up an operation on: a female publisher who is behind printing great quantities of entheta on Scn. We know that she is a registered alien (not a US citizen); that if aliens are convicted of a crime they will be deported; that she is wanted for contempt of court in her native country, Germany; that she occasionally smokes marijuana; that she owes lots of money to writers whose books she published and has many outstanding bills to pay (printing, office supplies, lawyers, etc) and is actually very very insolvent; that she has been doing business in Chicago for 5 yrs without a license; that her father was a Nazi who killed over 1,500 jews in Poland; that she is engaged to be married to a man whose father is the conductor of the Chicago symphony orchestra.
c. Mock up an operation on: a local squirrel group leader who blew the Sea Org four years ago and now has a rapidly expanding squirrel group. We know that he is money motivated; is married but has affairs with female students; we have 2 FSMs in his group 1 is a student, the other handles the finances of the group; that he gets Scn HCOBs and re-writes them verbatim except that he changes mentions of Scn/Dn to the name of his own group and LRH's name to hiw own; that he's auditing a local policeman; that he has a grant for $5,000 with the local government to pay his "research" expenses for the next 2 years which he spends on utility bills and other operating expenses; that he's got two pet dogs and one pet turtle; and that he spends lots of time and money maintaining his obsession, a restored 192E Rolls Royce.
d. Mock up an operation on: An SP writer who works for a popular national magazine and who on his own has developed international comm lines with anti-Scientologists and disaffected staff members. He acts as a "switchboard" for entheta on Scn and LRH and sources many false reports on his own. We know that he drinks liquor daily; has a hobby of building model airplanes; has been an award winning writer but hasn't won an award for 5 years; that the publisher/owner of hte magazine's pet love in life is to get his own name onto as many board of directors or committees lists of social do-gooder or charity give-away associations, etc. as he can; that the writer's senior editor will get very upset with or fire any writer who doesn't put in some working time at the office in the evenings or weekends and that the writer puts in just enough extra time to keep his boss happy; that the writer likes to go fishing and hunting.
e. Mock up an operation on: a disaffected Scientologist who blew Scn from his local hometown mission last year and is now writing entheta in the local college newspaper where he attends school and writes in the newspaper as part of his journalism studies. One of his entheta articles got bought by a nationwide college wire service and was printed in many college papers throughout the US. We know his parents and a few of his friends names from his former records at the mission and that he likes sports, but that's about all.
17 September 1976
THE CORRECT USE OF CODES
To ensure that coding is done correctly, with the correct subjects coded and overcoding avoided, the following steps are laid down:
Codes are used for the following general headings:
1. Incriminating, undercover or disinformation, covert operations and the like. Incriminating activities would include things like lobbying where this is inhibited in non profit corporations, also money deals that might provoke government tax offices.
2. Things that we want unknown as connected to the C of S secret PR and BI front groups.
3. Legal, PR and BI traffic on BI flubs.
4. Things that we want unknown LRH or MSH connected to - this is handled by coding their names.
5. Words or actions that would tend to dispute the fact that the C of S's motives are humanitarian: i. e. harass, eradicate, attack, destroy, annihilate, cave in, third party, spreading rumors, entrapment, trap or entrap, stir up the opposition.
6. Actions of confidential corporate tax bodies, tax strategy, some BI money CSW's, and occasionally the names of accounts.
7. Anything that gives specific and actual evidence that Scientology is in legal control of B6 type groups. These are groups that are separate legal entities to the C of S.
8. Admission to unpunished crimes and/or incriminating data. This would mostly come on personnel lines.
In addition to the above there are certain things that get government Customs upset and more curious about what is in the mail pack. These are such things as "CONFIDENTIAL" "SECRET" "HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL" "TOP SECRET" "VERY HIGHLY CONFIDENTIAL" "RESTRICTED" etc. written across the top of the particle.
To handle the use of confidential, secret, etc. type titles, the following will be substituted:
Another thing that excites government Customs is the names of intelligence type things such as CIA, IP, Police, Secret Service and names of government agencies within the country concerned. This is best handled by avoiding the use of such names at the top, or in titles of despatches or issues dealing with these, or in prominent places where the names stands out in the issue such as paragraph headings. When naming such issues in the body of a sensitive issue do not capitalize the issues or names as this makes them less eye catching i.e. CIA, ip, police, secret service.
When coded despatches and reports are sent between orgs all cc's are to be written on the despatch but only one copy is sent and this is to the person being written to. This person is then responsible for getting the despatch decoded, at the latest that same day, and distributing the decided version to all the persons named as cc's.
The Security Officer or Branch II Dir is to ensure that all GO staff are made familiar with the above points and that coding is being done correctly and comm lines are not being tied up with unnecessary coding.
The Security Officer or Br II Dir is to sort out what actions would fit in with categories one and seven. This is to be done in association with Legal. This Guardian Order is not to be distributed to staff when making them familiar with what should and should not be coded.
for Hermann Brendel
for Mo Budlong
for Jane Kember
DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY
IN REPLY REFER TO:
Mr. William F. Hess
Dear Mr. Hess:
This is in reply to your recent request concerning former Lieutenant Lafayette Ronald Hubbard, United States Naval Reserve, made under the provisions of the Freedom of Information Act, as amended (5 U.S.C. 552).
The following information, releasable under the Freedom of Information Act, has been extracted from Mr. Hubbard's Navy Personnel Records:
6 Oct 1941 -- Honorably released from temporary active
Date of Birth: 13 March 1911
19 Jul 1941 -- Lieutenant (junior grade), U.S. Naval
MEDALS AND AWARDS
American Defense Service Medal
Wife: Louise Gubb of Port Orchard, Washington
There is no record in the Bureau of Naval Personnel of any court-martial in the case of former Lieutenant Hubbard.
Mr. Hubbard performed additional service in the Montana National Guard from 19 October 1927 to 23 October 1928 and in the United States Marine Corps Reserve from 1 May 1930 to 22 October 1931.
Y. W. DYSON
DECK LOG -- REMARKS SHEET
September 27, 1944
Moored port side to Pier 5 Berth "N" Navel Supply Depot, Oakland, California. Receiving fresh water and telephone service from the deck. No. 2 boiler in use for auxiliary purposes.
Signed: H. W. Hague
Moored as before
Moored as before. 1100-Transferred the [illegible] of O'REILLY, John James, Carpenters mate is to U.S. Naval Hospital, Treasure Island, California. 1105 - Hold quarters for master. Absentees: ELLIOTT, Gordon W. male, AOL from 0745, 21 September 1944, FULLER, D.P. 112- AOL from 0745, 26 September 1944, until 1743, 26 September 1 [illegible] T.P., [illegible] AOL from 0745, 26 September 1944, until -745 26 September 1944, [illegible] C.S., [illegible], AOL from 1100, 27 September 1944, until 1203, 27 September 1944. Made daily inspection of magazine and [illegible] samples, conditions normal.
Signed: J. [illegible]
Moored as before. 1203-[illegible], C.S., [illegible] 306-[illegible] reported aboard having been absent over leave since 1100, 27 September 1944, a period of one hour and thirty minutes.
Signed: H. W. Hague
Moored as before. 1601 - The following named men reported aboard this ship for duty according to draft No. 7221 of U.S. Naval Training and Distribution center, [illegible], California
[LIST OF NAMES]
1630 - The navigating officer reported to the [illegible] that an attempt at sabotage had been made sometime between 1530-1600. A coke bottle filled with gasoline with a cloth wick inserted had been [illegible] among cargo which was to be hoisted aboard and stowed in No. 1 hold. It was discovered before being taken aboard. O.N.I., FBI, and N.S.D. authorities reported on the above and investigations were started. 1630-[illegible], 285-71-41, [illegible] V-6 [illegible] reported aboard for duty according to [illegible] 7262, 27 September, 1944, of the U.S. Naval Training and Distributioon Center, [illegible] California.
Signed: John W. Winburg
Moored as before.
Moored port side Berth "K", Pier 5, Naval Supply Depot, Oakland, California. Receiving fresh water and telephone service from the deck. No 2 boiler in use for auxiliary purposes.
Signed: M. J. [illegible] USN
Moored as before. 0745-[illegible], D.P., [illegible] USAR and [illegible], F.W. [illegible] USAR, reported aboard absent over leave from 0745, 26 September 1944 to 1045, 26 September 1944, a period of forty-eight (48) hours.
[illegible] Moored as before. 1006-Received three (3) boxes "D" rations and nine (9) boxes "K" rations from Naval Supply Depot, Oakland, California. Inspected for quantity by [illegible]. 1105-Quarters for master. Absentees: ELLIOTT, G.W., [illegible] AOL from 1045, 21 September 1944, [illegible] R.E., [illegible] AOL from 1100, 27 September 1944, pillegible] T.V., [illegible] AOL from 1100 27 September, 1944. 1102-Received one set of medical supplies from Medical Supply Depot. Inspected for quantity by [illegible].
Signed: R.W. Clark, Lt., (jr), USN
Moored as before. 1300-[illegible], G.G., [illegible] reported aboard having been AOL since 1100, 28 September, 1944. 1455-[illegible] J. [illegible], returned on board from three (3) days leave.
Signed: L. O. [illegible] USN.
Moored as before. 1635-Pursuant to [illegible] dispatched dated 27 September at [illegible] Lt. Lafayette Ron HUBBARD, D-V(8), USN, 113392, was this date detached from duties aboard this vessel, for transfer and further duty under instruction University of Princeton, New Jersey. 1940-[illegible] Unit U.S. Naval Construction Battalion returned aboard to resume loading.
Signed: Wm L. [illegible] (jg),USN
Moored as before.
Signed: [illegible], Lt., (jg), USN
RE: LaFayette Ronald HUBBARD,
This is a request for treatment.
My residence is north of North Hollywood, but I attend school at Geller Theater workshop, Fairfax and Wilshire, Los Angeles. It would be appreciated if any out-physician selected would be located near my school as I have a vacant hour and a half from 1 to 2:30 four days each week at school. I work at night six days per week.
I was placed on certain medication back east and have continued it at my own expense.
After trying and failing for two years to regain my equilibrium in civil life, I am utterly unable to approach anything like my own competence. My last physician informed me that it might be very helpful if I were to be examined and perhaps treated psychiatrically or even by a psycho-analyst. Toward the end of my service I avoided out of pride any mental examinations, hoping that time would balance a mind which I had every reason to suppose was seriously affected. I cannot account for nor rise above long periods of moroseness and suicidal inclinations, and have newly come to realize that I must first triumph above this before I can hope to rehabilitate myself at all.
I cannot leave school or what little work I am doing for hospitalization due to many obligations, but I feel I might be treated outside, possibly with success. I cannot, myself, afford such treatment.
Would you please help me?
"... Dianetics was the bolt from the blue. Man was hacking and sawing and shocking and injecting and teaching and moralizing and counselling and hanging and jailing men with enthusiasm without any idea at all of what caused Man to behave as he did or what made him sick or well. THE answer was, and still is, Dianetics.
... The early days of Dianetics were the early beginnings of Scientology."
L. RON HUBBARD
L. RON HUBBARD
Scientology was developed by L. Ron Hubbard, an American writer and philosopher.
It was completed after 35 years of research.
Hubbard was born in Tilden, Nebraska, March 13, 1911.
Much of Hubbard's early youth was spent in the American West and he travelled extensively in Asia as a young man.
He studied Science and Mathematics at George Washington University, graduating from Colombian College. He attained Princeton University and obtained a degree as Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) from Sequoia University.
Before Word War II he was well known in explorational circles and is to this day a member of the Explorers Club.
He wrote and published over 16,000,000 words of articles and novels of all kinds before World War II.
During that war he served as a commander of corvettes and was extensively decorated.
Crippled and blind at the end of the war, he resumed his studies of philosophy and by his discoveries recovered so fully that he was re-classified in 1949 for full combat duty. It is a matter of medical record that he has twice been pronounced dead and that in 1950 he was given a perfect score on mental and physical fitness reports.
Revolted by war and Man's inhumanity to Man, he resigned his commission rather than assist government research projects.
He published his original thesis on his work and the startling popularity of the thesis brought publishers to offer him a contract for a popular work on the subject which in 1950 soared to the top of the best-seller lists and stayed there.
Hubbard has a lovely wife, Mary Sue Hubbard, and four charming children.
Unlike any other philosopher in any age, Hubbard has led a very full and adventurous life. He has been the hero in numerous novels and even of a famous motion picture.
Probably no philosopher of modern times has had the popularity and appeal of Hubbard or such startling successes within his own lifetime.
L. RON HUBBARD
Scientology was developed by L. Ron Hubbard, an American writer and philosopher. It was completed after 35 years of research.
Born in Tilden, Nebraska, on 13th March, 1911, he was the only child of Commander H. R. Hubbard, U.S.N. and Dora May Hubbard.
Hubbard was raised on his grandfather's cattle ranch in Montana and could ride before he could walk. He later became a blood brother of the Blackfoot (Pikuni) Indians, and his first novel published in 1935 concerns them.
At the age of ten he rejoined his father and mother. Two years later, in Washington, D.C. at the time, he became a fast friend of the President's son, Calvin Coolidge, Jnr., whose untimely death is probably responsible for L. Ron Hubbard's early interest in mental research.
As his father's duty took the family to the Far East, L. Ron Hubbard was in China when he was fourteen and spent the next several years in travel throughout Asia. In Northern China and India he became increasingly curious about the composition and destiny of Man, and [illegible] on the one hand with Lama Priests, and made himself agreeable on the other hand to war-like people by his ability to ride.
With the death of his grandfather, Hubbard, 19 years of age, was brought home by his father to study at the George Washington University in Washington, D.C. He graduated in Mathematics and Engineering from Colombian College to become a member of the first United States course in formal education in what is called today nuclear physics. He also attended the Princeton University.
During his college days he supported himself by his writing, and before he concluded college he was well established as an essayist.
His first action on leaving college was to lead an expedition into Central America. In the next few years he headed three further expeditions, all of them undertaken to study savage peoples and cultures to provide material for his articles and stories. Between 1933 and 1941 he visited many barbaric cultures and yet found time to write seven million words of published fact and fiction.
Having first in Asia become interested in the mind and in Man, he multiplied this interest with his investigations of savage peoples, and by 1938 he had written a never-published work on the subject of the basic principles of human existence.
By 1936 he had become a member of the Explorers Club in New York City.
In addition to travel articles, he has written western, science fiction, and adventure stories, and he is still one of the better known science fiction writers.
He was first called to Hollywood to write a film script in 1936 and since that time he has done a considerable amount of film work.
Commissioned before the war in 1941 by the U.S. Navy, he was ordered to the Philippines at the outbreak of the war and was flown home in the late spring of 1942 as the first U.S. returned casualty from the Far East.
As a yachtsman he had considerable sea experience, and the scarcity of officers was such that, without rest, he was ordered at once to command of a corvette. He served for the remainder of that year with British and American anti-submarine vessels in the North Atlantic and rose to command a squadron. In 1943 he saw duty in the North Pacific.
Crippled and blind at the end of the war, he resumed his studies of philosophy and by his discoveries recovered so fully that he was reclassified in 1949 for full combat duty. It is a matter of medical record that he has twice been pronounced dead and that in 1950 he was given a perfect score on mental and physical fitness reports.
Revolted by war and Man's inhumanity to Man, he resigned his commission rather than assist government research projects. He subsequently published his original thesis on his work and the startling popularity of this thesis brought publishers to offer him a contract for a popular work. Published in 1950, it soared in the top of the best-seller lists and stayed there. It's title "Dianetics. The Modern Science of Mental Health."
Dianetics means "through thought or mind". As a science it explained and demonstrated conclusively the workings of the human mind. Thus were unlocked the secrets of this hitherto unknown territory -- a major breakthrough in the history of Man. Dianetic techniques in addressing the mind achieved remarkable results, but further research established that tremendously higher results were obtainable by addressing the spirit or thetan (taken from the Greek symbol for "thought" or spirit) as it is known in Scientology. Thus Scientology evolved from Dianetics.
Scientology today is a world-wide organization with organizations on every continent and headquarters at Saint Hill Manor in Sussex, England. Scientology is the most vital movement on earth today and is expanding phenomenally fast. Every week thousands of new people are introduced to its great benefits.
The home of L. Ron Hubbard and his family since 1959, Saint Hill Manor is where Ron continued his relentless search into the rehabilitation of the spirit of Man. Late in 1965 the final and most important stage of his research was completed.
The long sought bridge to total freedom for Mankind was complete.