by William Norman
Copyright 1998, American Opinion Publishing, Incorporated
His influence is detectable wherever talk is heard of
"archetypes" or the "collective unconscious." Those who speak of the
"inner child" are reciting from his canon. His tenets and assumptions
are retailed by psychiatrists, school counselors, and clergy. For
millions of Americans, the writings and teachings of Carl Gustav Jung,
who died in 1961, provide an authoritative guide to the inner life. Even
more importantly, Jungian concepts guide many efforts to divest
Christianity of its "patriarchal" character and to synthesize a
globalist new world religion.
'Thirty-one years after the Swiss psychiatrist's death,"
observed U.S. News & World Report in 1992, "Jung's theories are surging
in popularity, becoming a cultural touchstone, a lens for processing
experience, in some cases almost a religion."
In fact, it is upon mainline religion that Jung's impact
has been most pronounced. "In churches, quotes from Jung's work spill
from the pulpit," continued U.S. News. "New Age publications sprinkle
their pages liberally with Jungian buzzwords. Books on Jungian topics —
most recently, 'Women Who Run With the Wolves,' by Jungian analyst
Clarissa Pinkola Estes — are climbing the bestseller lists. And while
the men's movement urges men to reconnect with the masculine archetype
of the 'warrior,' drawing on Jung's notion of universal symbols buried
in the human psyche, feminist writers encourage women to explore the
'goddess' inside them."
Although most Americans would have difficulty recognizing
his name, they certainly come within the ambit of Jung's cultural
influence. U.S. News noted that Jung's posthumously published memoir,
Memories, Dreams, Reflections, "became something of a counter-culture
classic." In fact, according to Harvard Lecturer Richard Noll, Jung's
memoir "has become one of the primary spiritual documents of the
twentieth century," and Jung himself has emerged as "a clairvoyant sage,
a miracle worker, a god-man who earn[ed] his apotheosis through his
encounter with the Dead and with God." Noll's own assessment of Jung is
rather less effusive: He regards Jung to be "the most influential liar
of the 20th Century."
Jung's influence was in substantial measure a product of
his association with the Rockefeller family, and he used it to advance
the anti-biblical tenets of two of history's most notorious occultic
movements — the Bavarian Illuminati and the Theosophical Society.
In his new book The Aryan Christ: The Secret Life of Carl
Jung, Noll writes, "I am convinced by the historical evidence that Jung
believed himself to be a religious prophet with extraordinary powers."
It is not at all surprising that Jung felt a sense of religious
vocation, as he came from a deeply religious family. "In my mother's
family there were six parsons, and on my father's side not only was my
father a parson, but two of my uncles also," wrote Jung. "Thus I
heard many religious discussions, and sermons."
The work is organized like
a medieval illuminated manuscript, with calligraphic
writing, headed by a table of abbreviations. Jung titled the
first book "The Way of What is to Come," and placed beneath
this some citations from the book of Isaiah and from the
gospel according to John. Thus it was presented as a
-- The Red Book, by Carl Jung
The Oxford Companion to the Bible points out that "Jung's
early religious doubts seem to have centered around his conflicts toward
his father and his deep-seated ambivalence, both toward his father and
his father's religious views." In seeking a religious role model,
Jung skipped a generation, overlooking his devout Christian father in
favor of his grandfather, Karl Jung, who was equally devout in a
markedly different fashion. Karl Gustav Jung was a noted medical doctor
in Basel, Switzerland. A German by birth, Karl took up residence in
Basel after being exiled from Prussia as a subversive. In Switzerland,
recalls Noll, "[Karl] Jung joined a powerful secret society. In time, he
became its supreme leader in Switzerland."
The society to which Noll refers is the Swiss
successor organization to Adam Weishaupt's Bavarian Illuminati, which
had been exposed and banned in the German principality in 1784. Noll
points out that following the official suppression of the Illuminati,
lodges of illuminated freemasons in Germany and Switzerland "continued
to assemble and enact rituals under the guise of being patriotic clubs
or philosophical societies." While living in Berlin, Karl Jung had
become acquainted with one of these disguised Illuminists, Georg Andreas
Reimel, who presided over a "Reading Society" in Berlin. Fraternal
societies of this variety, observes Noll, were places where radicals
could "congregate and conspire"; despite the supposed destruction of
the Illuminati in Bavaria, "the Swiss lodges did not close down in the
purges of the late 1780s and so were a haven for German Freemasons, both
Illuminist and Rosicrucian."
Into the Occult
After abandoning conventional Christianity, Jung came
to regard German philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe as the "prophet
of a new dispensation"; Goethe, like Jung's grandfather, was an
Illuminist, having been initiated into the covert order in 1783.
Unlike Karl Jung, however, Goethe — who like other idealists had been
lured into the order by its pretense to humanitarianism — was never an
ardent Illuminist and quickly became disenchanted with the order. Carl
Jung's youthful enthusiasm for Goethe was a gateway into the arcane
mysteries of Illuminism, and various forms of spiritualism.
Both Carl Jung and his grandfather memorized one of
Goethe's more esoteric works, Die Gehemniesse (The Mysteries).
Freighted with Masonic symbolism, the work is a tantalizing fragment,
which ends before delivering the hidden wisdom promised by the author.
Jung clearly considered himself the torchbearer for the illuminist
vision foreshadowed in Goethe's poem. "Exactly one hundred years after
Die Gehemniesse appeared in print, Carl Gustav Jung stood before a
historic gathering of his disciples and delivered an inspirational
address that spoke almost exclusively of spiritual matters — of
self-deification, of overcomings, of disturbing the Dead, and of this
poem," writes Dr. Noll. "The occasion of this talk was the founding of
the Psychological Club, based on the new psychological theories he
derived from the insights he received from his own visions and
encounters with Philemon, his spiritual master."
"Philemon," a "spirit guide" who supposedly appeared to
Jung in visions in the early years of this century, was an old man with
the wings of a kingfisher. "It is from his discussions with Philemon ...
that Jung received his most profound insights about the nature of the
human psyche," observes Dr. Noll. By supposedly communing with Philemon,
Jung developed his most influential ideas about the "collective
unconscious" — through which all humans supposedly have access to shared
spiritual concepts, figures, and symbols — and "archetypes," the common
patterns that supposedly define humanity.
Psychoanalysis as Jung conceived it "was a separate
spiritual path that one could take only after rejecting the faith of
one's birth," writes Noll. To entice others to follow him on that path,
Jung created a movement — a "holy order or secret society engaged in the
redemptive work of the spirit. Here we find Jung reaching back to his
[Illuminist] grandfather, hence completing the spiritual arc between
them, invoking the words of Goethe and the occult symbols of the
Freemasons and the Rosicrucians."
Breaking Moral Restraints
"Religion can only be replaced by religion," Jung once
observed to an associate. Jung's new religion drew upon a centuries-old
occult tradition to replace biblical institutions with an ethic of
radical libertinism, especially sexual emancipation. One of his most
important tutors was Otto Gross, a noted German drug peddler, anarchist,
and criminal, who instructed Jung regarding the "virtues" of polygamy.
"Gross captivated Jung with his theories of sexual liberation ... and
his dreams of transforming the world through psychoanalysis," records
Noll. Gross also put Jung in touch with "neopagans and Theosophists,"
who pursued the subversion of Bible-based society through covert
To bring about the world that Jung and Gross sought,
according to Noll, "The shackles of family, society, and Deity must be
broken. To love freely, instinctively, guiltlessly, generously — to live
polygamously — would unleash the ancient creative energies of the body
and the unconscious mind and bring humans to a new level of being."
Jung certainly practiced what he preached: On January 3,
1910, he informed his wife in a letter, "The prerequisite for a good
marriage, it seems to me, is a license to be unfaithful." "From at least
1909 onward," Noll points out, Jung "explicitly recommended the central
tenet of Gross's philosophy — polygamy — to his male patients." The
modern apostles of sexual libertinism — from Margaret Sanger to the
contemporary "gay rights" movement —are in Jung's debt and following his
A Helping Hand
Noll notes that Jung's "secret church" received some
critical support in 1913, when Edith Rockefeller McCormick arrived in
Zurich to receive treatment. The daughter of John D. Rockefeller and the
wife of Harold McCormick, heir to the International Harvester fortune,
"Edith became an analyst in the Jungian mode, a magic healer who
interpreted the dreams of her patients and pointed out the divine
elements in their artistic productions."
Bank for International Settlements was a joint creation in
1930 of the world's central banks, including the Federal
Reserve Bank of New York. Its existence was inspired by
Hjalmar Horace Greeley Schacht, Nazi Minister of Economics
and president of the Reichsbank, part of whose early
upbringing was in Brooklyn, and who had powerful Wall Street
connections. He was seconded by the all-important banker
Emil Puhl, who continued under the regime of Schacht's
successor, Dr. Walther Funk.
Sensing Adolf Hitler's lust for war and conquest, Schacht,
even before Hitler rose to power in the Reichstag, pushed
for an institution that would retain channels of
communication and collusion between the world's financial
leaders even in the event of an international conflict. It
was written into the Bank's charter, concurred in by the
respective governments, that the BIS should be immune from
seizure, closure, or censure, whether or not its owners were
at war. These owners included the Morgan-affiliated First
National Bank of New York (among whose directors were Harold
S. Vanderbilt and Wendell Willkie), the Bank of England, the
Reichsbank, the Bank of Italy, the Bank of France, and other
central banks. Established under the Morgan banker Owen D.
Young's so-called Young Plan, the BIS's ostensible purpose
was to provide the Allies with reparations to be paid by
Germany for World War I. The Bank soon turned out to be the
instrument of an opposite function. It was to be a money
funnel for American and British funds to flow into Hitler's
coffers and to help Hitler build up his war machine.
BIS was completely under Hitler's control by the outbreak of
World War II. Among the directors under Thomas H. McKittrick
were Hermann Schmitz, head of the colossal Nazi industrial
trust I.G. Farben, Baron Kurt von Schroder, head of the J.
H. Stein Bank of Cologne and a leading officer and financier
of the Gestapo; Dr. Walther Funk of the Reichsbank, and, of
course, Emil Puhl. These last two figures were Hitler's
personal appointees to the board.
BIS's first president was the smooth old Rockefeller banker,
Gates W. McGarrah, formerly of the Chase National Bank and
the Federal Reserve Bank....
Chapter 3: The Secrets of Standard Oil
1941, Standard Oil of New Jersey was the largest petroleum
corporation in the world. Its bank was Chase, its owners the
Rockefellers. Its chairman, Walter C. Teagle, and its
president, William S. Farish, matched Joseph J. Larkin's
extensive connections with the Nazi government.
foot three inches tall, and weighing over two hundred and
fifty pounds, Walter C. Teagle was so large a man that it
was said that when he stood up from his seat on the subway,
it was to make room for two women. He smoked Havana cigars
through a famous amber holder. He spoke with measured
deliberation, fixing his fellow conversationalists with a
frightening, unblinking, and powerful stare.
came from a prominent Cleveland family just below the
millionaire class. He early showed a dominant will,
expressed in a thunderous voice, a humorless intensity, and
a rugged disrespect for those who questioned his judgment.
He was known as a dominant presence at Cornell. Kept out of
football by an injury, he worked off his colossal energy in
school debates, which he invariably won hands down. Entering
the Standard Oil empire under the wing of John D.
Rockefeller I, he rose rapidly through his Horatio Alger
concern for work and his strong international sense: he drew
many foreign countries and their leaders into the Standard
Oil web. He weathered scandal after scandal in which
Standard stood charged with monopolistic and other illegal
the 1920s on Teagle showed a marked admiration for Germany's
enterprise in overcoming the destructive terms of the
Versailles Treaty. His lumbering stride, booming tones, and
clouds of cigar smoke became widely and affectionately known
in the circles that helped support the rising Nazi party. He
early established a friendship with the dour and stubby
Hermann Schmitz of I.G. Farben, entertaining him frequently
for lunch at the Cloud Room in the Chrysler Building,
Teagle's favorite Manhattan haunt of the late 1920s and the
1930s. Teagle also was friendly with the pro-Nazi Sir Henri
Deterding of Royal Dutch-Shell, who agreed with his views
about capitalist domination of Europe and the ultimate need
to destroy Russia.
Schmitz, and Deterding shared a passion for grouse shooting
and game hunting; they vied with each other as wing shots.
Teagle's love of hunting deer and wild birds was to earn him
the admiration of Reichsmarschall Hennann Goring.
was close to Henry Ford. He first met him in the early 1900s
when he wanted to make a deal for oil with a new Detroit
auto assembly shop. He walked into the shop, saw how
miserably rundown it was, and decided that he would have
difficulty in collecting for the gasoline contract. But he
took a chance on the thin, gaunt proprietor and went ahead.
Many years later the two men met again and formed a
friendship. Ford looked at him sharply and said, "We've met
before." Teagle remembered at once. "Sure," Teagle said, "I
sold you your first gasoline contract. You were stripping
down a Winton chassis." Ford replied, "I was. And I was so
hard up, I didn't even own the goddam thing!"
Because of his commercial and personal association with
Hermann Schmitz, and his awareness that he must protect
Standard's interest in Nazi Germany, Teagle made many visits
to Berlin and the Standard tanks and tank cars in Germany
throughout the 1930s. He became director of American I.G.
Chemical Corp., the giant chemicals firm that was a
subsidiary of I.G. Farben. He invested heavily in American
I.G. and American I.G. invested heavily in Standard. He sat
on the I.G. board with Fraternity brothers Edsel Ford and
William E. Weiss, chairman of Sterling Products.
Following the rise of Hitler to power, Teagle and Hermann
Schmitz jointly gave a special assignment to Ivy Lee, the
notorious New York publicity man, who had for some years
worked for the Rockefellers. They engaged Lee for the
specific purpose of economic espionage. He was to supply
I.G. Farben, and through it the Nazi government, with
intelligence on the American reaction to such matters as the
German armament program, Germany's treatment of the Church,
and the organization of the Gestapo. He was also to keep the
American public bamboozled by papering over the more evil
aspects of Hitler's regime. For this, Lee was paid first
$3,000 then $4,000 annually, the money paid to him through
the Bank for International Settlements in the name of I.G.
Chemie. The contract was for obvious reasons kept oral and
the money was transferred in cash. No entries were made in
the books of the employing companies or in those of Ivy Lee
himself. After a short period Lee's salary was increased to
$25,000 per year and he began distributing inflammatory Nazi
propaganda in the United States on behalf of I.G. Farben,
including virulent attacks on the Jews and the Versailles
February 1938 the Securities and Exchange Commission held a
meeting to investigate Nazi ownership of American I.G.
through a Swiss subsidiary. The commissioners grilled Teagle
on the ownership of the Swiss company. He pretended that he
did not know the owners were I.G. Farben and the Nazi
government. The commissioners tried to make him admit that
at least American I.G. was "controlled by 'European'
interests." Teagle replied dodgily, "Well, I think that
would be a safe assumption." Asked who voted for him as a
proxy at Swiss meetings, again he asserted that he didn't
know. He also neglected to mention that Schmitz and the Nazi
government owned thousands of shares in American I.G.
was sufficiently embarrassed by the hearing to resign from
the American I.G. board, but he retained his connections
with the company. He remained in partnership with Farben in
the matter of tetraethyl lead, an additive used in aviation
gasoline. Goring's air force couldn't fly without it. Only
Standard, Du Pont, and General Motors had the rights to it.
Teagle helped to organize a sale of the precious substance
to Schmitz, who in 1938 traveled to London and "borrowed"
500 tons from Ethyl, the British Standard subsidiary. Next
year, Schmitz and his partners returned to London and
obtained $15 million worth. The result was that Hitler's air
force was rendered capable of bombing London, the city that
had provided the supplies. Also, by supplying Japan with
tetraethyl, Teagle helped make it possible for the Japanese
to wage World War II.
was a further irony. The British Royal Air Force had to pay
royalties to Nazi Germany through Ethyl- Standard for the
gasoline used to fly Goring's bombers that were attacking
London. The payments were held in Germany by Farben's
private banks for Standard until the end of the war.
Following the embarrassment of the Securities and Exchange
Commission hearing, Teagle took more and more of a backseat
and handed over his front office to his partner and close
friend, William Stamps Farish. Farish was somewhat different
in character from Teagle. Tall, bald from youth,
bespectacled, given to publishing homilies and pious
patriotic articles in the pages of American Magazine, he had
a reserved, almost scholarly manner that barely concealed a
flaring temper and a fierce self-protectiveness that made
him seem guilty in controversies over Standard when he was
not necessarily so. He was so emotionally locked into the
company that he was indivisible from it. He never understood
a rule of power: to keep calm and polite when the opposition
is angry and threatening. He could not resist striking back
at anyone who criticized him, sometimes with a rather feeble
attempt at physical violence. He shared with Teagle a mania
for salmon fishing, dog training, bird-dogging, quail
shooting, and fox hunts. Like Teagle, he devoted as much as
eighteen hours a day to office affairs, immense journeys by
ship and train, and board meetings that sometimes went on
into the small hours of the morning. Both had the capacity
of senior executives to exhaust everyone but themselves with
their certainties. They allowed little area for discussion
and brooked nothing save approval.
like Teagle, was mesmerized by Germany and spent much time
with Hermann Schmitz. With Teagle's approval he staffed the
Standard Oil tankers with Nazi crews. When war broke out in
Europe, he ran into trouble with British Intelligence, which
boarded some of his vessels outside territorial waters on
the Atlantic and Pacific seaboards and seized Nazi agents
who were passengers. When the British began interrogating
Nazi crews on the Hitler-Standard connection, Farish fired
the Germans en masse and changed the registration of the
entire fleet to Panamanian to avoid British seizure or
search. His vessels carried oil toTenerife in the Canary
Islands, where they refueled and siphoned oil to German
tankers for shipment to Hamburg. They also fueled U-boats
even after the American government declared such shipments
morally indefensible and while Roosevelt was fighting an
undeclared war in the Atlantic. Standard tankers supplied
the self-same submarines which later sank American ships.
By a humorous twist of fate, one of the ships the U-boats
sank was the S.S. Walter Teagle.
important for the Nazis to convert the oil in the Canaries
to aviation gasoline for the Luftwaffe. Once again, Farish
proved helpful. As early as 1936 his associate Harry D.
Collier of California Standard had built units for
conversion in the Canaries. Simultaneously, Teagle had built
a refinery in Hamburg that produced 15,000 tons of aviation
gasoline for Goring every week.
war in Europe, General Aniline and Film, successor to
American I.G., stood in danger of being taken over by the
U.S. government. Teagle and Farish's friend, the Rockefeller
associate Sosthenes Behn of ITT, was narrowly stopped from
buying the corporation, thus rendering it "American" and not
subject to seizure. Henry Morgenthau prevented the deal. For
once, The Fraternity was frustrated. Teagle and Farish
could not buy GAP themselves, as it would have too clearly
betrayed their association with the Nazis.
1939, Americans were dangerously short of rubber. The armed
services were hard put to complete wheels for planes, tanks,
and armored cars. At this time Standard Oil had made a deal
with Hitler whereby he would obtain certain kinds of
Standard artificial rubber and America would get nothing.
This deal continued until after Pearl Harbor.
war broke out, Frank A. Howard, one of the more dynamic
vice-presidents of Standard (also on the board of Chase),
flew to Europe with Farish's authorization. In London he
held an urgent meeting with U.S. Ambassador Joseph P.
Kennedy, who allegedly wanted to negotiate a separate peace
that would bring the European war to an immediate end.
Kennedy enthusiastically approved Howard's meeting with
Farben's representative Fritz Ringer. The meeting was set up
in Holland. Howard flew to The Hague on September 22, 1939,
supplied with a special Royal Air Force bomber for the
Hague meeting, held in the Standard Oil offices, Howard and
Ringer talked for many hours about their plans for the
future. Ringer handed over a thick bundle of German patents
that were locked into Standard agreements so that they would
not be seized in wartime. The two men drew up an agreement
that specified they would remain in business together,
"whether or not the United States came into the war."
Another clause in the agreement known as the Hague
Memorandum guaranteed that the moment war was over, I.G.
Farben would get back its patents. Howard returned to
London and Kennedy arranged for the patents to be flown by
American diplomatic bag to Ambassador William Bullitt in
Paris, who forwarded them on by special courier to Farish in
war continued in Europe before America's entry, Germany grew
more and more desperate for oil. Her domestic supplies were
minimal. But for many years Teagle and Farish had exploited
the resources of Rumania, setting up extensive oil
exploration in the Ploiesti fields and netting millions from
Germany in the process. I.G. Farben financed the notorious
Rumanian Iron Guard, a fascistic military organization led
by General Ion Antonescu. Hermann Schmitz, through Antonescu
and in league with Standard, held an exercising control over
the oil fields. On March 5, 1941, Goring arranged a special
private performance of Madame Butterfly by the Austrian
State Opera at the Belvedere Palace in Vienna in Antonescu's
honor. After the performance, Goring sat down for an urgent
discussion with Antonescu on securing the use of the
Standard Oil fields if Germany and America should go to war.
Antonescu conferred with Schmitz and Standard executives in
Bucharest. The result of the meeting was that Goring paid
$11 million in bonds for the use of the oil, whether or not
America came into the war.
now proceeded to make another deal with Goring. Hungary was
second only to Rumania as an oil source for the Nazi war
machine. Teagle had started drilling there in 1934.
July 1941, Farish and Frank Howard filed an application with
Treasury for a license to sell its Hungarian subsidiary to
I.G. Farben. Farben would, the application said, pay $5.5
million in Swedish, Swiss, and Latin American currencies,
$13.5 million in gold to be delivered at Lisbon, Portugal,
and later shipped to the United States; and it would supply
a promissory note for $5 million by I.G. "to be paid three
months after the war ended." This note was to be secured by
the blocked assets of General Aniline and Film in America.
Treasury refused the application, whereupon Farish asked if
the full amount could be paid in gold at Lisbon. That
suggestion also was rejected. Farish protested bitterly.
British blockade ran the length of the Americas upon the
Atlantic seaboard, stopping shipments to Nazi Germany
wherever possible. Given the problem, how could Farish go on
supplying Goring and Hermann Schmitz with oil in time of
war? He soon found the solution. He sent large amounts of
petroleum to Russia and thence by Trans-Siberian Railroad to
Berlin long after Roosevelt's moral embargo. He shipped to
Vichy North Africa. In May 1940, British authorities
captured a French tanker in U.S. territorial waters that was
sailing to Casablanca with 16,000 tons of Standard oil,
allegedly for reshipment to Hitler. Cordell Hull demanded
the British government yield up the tanker. Restricted by
maritime law, the British agreed. The tanker sailed on to
Africa, followed by six more.
fueled the Nazi-controlled L.A.T.I. airline from Rome to Rio
via Madrid, Lisbon, and Dakar. The airline flew spies,
patents, and diamonds for foreign currency. Only Standard
could make this shipment possible. Only Standard had the
high-octane gasoline that enabled the lumbering clippers to
make the 1,680-mile hop across the Atlantic.
hard-working young man, William La Varre of the Department
of Commerce, set about uncovering Standard's deals with this
Nazi airline. He knew L.A.T.I. was the means by which the
Nazis evaded the British blockade. The airline was not
subject to boarding and search. Spies traveled by L.A.T.I.
between the United States, Germany, and Italy by way of
addition to spies, the planes flew, in 1941, 2,365 kilos of
books containing Nazi propaganda, legal and illegal drugs
addressed to Sterling Products, Reichsbank money for the
National City Bank in New York, wartime horror pictures
prepared by Dr. Joseph Goebbels to frighten Latin Americans
out of a world conflict. There were electrical materials and
gold and silver jewelry for sale to Brazil. American
companies in South America shipped the Nazis thousands of
kilos of mica and platinum, which existed in quantity only
in Brazil, and which were strategic war materials for
Germany. Semiprecious stones were bought cheaply, shipped to
Germany, cut in Belgium in slave camps, and shipped back to
Brazil for sale.
order to supply the airline, Farish changed more of his
vessels from German to Panamanian registry. Now they were
granted immunity under the Panamanian flag by James V.
Forrestal, Under Secretary of the Navy, vice-president of
General Aniline and Film, and Fraternity member. But U.S.
Intelligence constantly checked on the members of the
Gestapo, the Abwehr, and the Farben spy network N.W.7. who
used the airline. Early in 1941, Adolf Berle of the State
Department insisted that Cordell Hull stop these shipments.
Hull talked to William Farish. He told him he was going to
apply export control to the shipments.
was forced to reach a compromise. He would supply L.A.T.I.
and the other Nazi airline, Condor, through Standard's
Brazilian subsidiary with permission from the American
ambassador in Rio. The ambassador gave permission and the
airlines continued to fly. It was not until just before
Pearl Harbor that La Varre and Berle real-ized what Farish
was doing: By making the deal through the Brazilian company,
he was not subject to blacklisting. Thus, the shipments
continued until after Pearl Harbor when the Brazilian
government stepped in and closed down the airlines. Farish
totally ignored his government's request to be loyal.
Germany and money came first.
March 31, 1941, Sumner Welles of the State Department
stepped into the picture with a detailed report on refueling
stations in Mexico and Central and South America that were
suspected of furnishing oil to Italian or German merchant
vessels now in port. Among those suspected of fueling enemy
ships were Standard Oil of New Jersey and California. There
is no record of any action being taken on this matter.
5, the U.S. Legation at Managua, Nicaragua, reported that
Standard Oil subsidiaries were distributing Epoca, a
publication filled with pro-Nazi propaganda. John J. Muccio,
of the U.S. Consulate, made an investigation and found that
Standard was distributing this inflammatory publication all
over the world. By a peculiar irony, Nelson Rockefeller was
at that moment in his post of Coordinator of Inter-American
Affairs, seeking to insure the loyalty to United States
interests of all of the governments of Latin America.
Trading With the
Enemy, by Charles Higham
Writes Noll, "Rockefeller money introduced Jung to the
English-speaking world and helped bring him the worldwide fame he has
today." Financier Paul Mellon was another financial angel for the
self-described deity, underwriting the translation and publication of
Jung's German-language works in the 1940s. "The Rockefellers, the McCormicks, and the Mellons were three of America's wealthiest families,
and we can only wonder whether Jung would be so popular today if he had
not attracted and converted their women to his mysteria."
Mellon was the leading heir to the Mellon fortune, and a
long-time neighbor of Averell Harriman’s in Middleburg,
Virginia, as well as Jupiter Island, Florida. Paul’s father,
Andrew Mellon, U.S. Treasury Secretary 1921-32, had approved
the transactions of Harriman, Pryor and Bush with the
Warburgs and the Nazis. Paul Mellon’s son-in-law, David K.E.
Bruce, worked in Prescott Bush’s W.A. Harriman & Co. during
the late 1920s; was head of the London branch of U.S.
intelligence during World War II; and was Averell Harriman’s
Assistant Secretary of Commerce in 1947-48. Mellon family
money and participation would be instrumental in many
domestic U.S. projects of the new Central Intelligence
George Bush: The
Unauthorized Biography, by Webster Tarpley & Anton Chaitkin
ONLY THE little seditionists
and traitors have been rounded up by the F.B.I. The real
Nazi Fifth Column in America remains immune. And yet there
is evidence that those in both countries who place profits
above patriotism -- and Fascism is based entirely upon
profits although all its propaganda speaks of patriotism --
have conspired to make America part of the Nazi Big Business
Thurman Arnold, as assistant
district attorney of the United States, his assistant,
Norman Littell, and several Congressional investigations,
have produced incontrovertible evidence that some of our
biggest monopolies entered into secret agreements with the
Nazi cartels and divided the world among them. Most
notorious of all was Alcoa, the Mellon-Davis-Duke monopoly
which is largely responsible for the fact America did not
have the aluminum with which to build airplanes before and
after Pearl Harbor, while Germany had an unlimited supply.
Of the Aluminum Corporation sabotage and that of other
leading companies the press said very little, but several
books have now been written out of the official record....
The new propaganda agency of the NAM is
called the National Industrial Information Committee (N.I.I.C.).
In 1942, when I discovered its campaign to raise $1,000,000
for a fund to fight labor, it denied that it had any
relation with the NAM although it was part of the latter's
office, had the same phone, and was operated by the same
agents. In 1943, however, it sent a letter to its sustainers
saying that it was still affiliated, but was becoming more
and more a separate organization. These technicalities are
of no importance. What is important is that the worst
Fascists of the reactionary clique which bosses the NAM are
the very men who are behind this new propaganda movement.
The N.I.I.C. claims it has
350 of the leading industrialists in its ranks. It was
prompted to begin a big campaign in 1942 because the various
Congressional committees, notably the Truman and O'Mahoney,
and numerous official reports, notably those of Toland and
Thurman Arnold, had exposed American Big Business as linked
to Nazi Germany in the cartels, as actually doing business
with Hitler and planning to do so in case of war, and to
resume doing business should a war involve the two
countries. Corporations -- Standard Oil for one -- had been
branded traitors in Senate hearings, and the news could not
be suppressed that it was due to the monopoly arrangements
with I.G. Farbenindustrie that America had a shortage of
aluminum for making airplanes, no synthetic rubber at all, a
lack of tungsten, carboloy and other vital materials, no
substitute for quinine (atabrine), etc. The very same
corporations and men who had been exposed by Monograph 29 as
ruling America -- notably Mellon -- were shown to be the men
of the Nazi cartels. And on top of this scandal the labor
press was proving that Big Business was refusing to convert
to war, that Big Money was on a sit-down strike, and that,
in short, the men of wealth and power were the traitors
while the men in the fields, factories and workshops were
working to win the war....
Aluminum Corporation (Mellon-Davis-Duke
families). "If America loses the war it can thank the
Aluminum Corporation of America." -- Secretary of Interior
Ickes, June 26, 1941. By its cartel agreement with I.G.
Farben, controlled by Hitler, Alcoa sabotaged the aluminum
program of the U.S. air force. The Truman Committee heard
testimony that Alcoa's representative, A.H. Bunker,
$1-a-year head of the aluminum section of O.P.M., prevented
work on our $600,000,000 aluminum expansion program.
Congressman Pierce of Oregon said in May, 1941: "To date,
137 days or 37-1/2% of a year's production has been wasted
in the effort to protect Alcoa's monopolistic position. ...
This delay, translated into planes, means 10,000 fighters or
Facts and Fascism, by
Billy Hitchcock [Mellon]
wasn't the only figure in the Mellon clan who rubbed
shoulders with the espionage community. A number of Mellons
served in the OSS, notably David Bruce, the OSS station
chief in London (whose father-in-law, Andrew Mellon, was
treasury secretary during the Depression). After the war
certain influential members of the Mellon family maintained
close ties with the CIA. Mellon family foundations have been
used repeatedly as conduits for Agency funds. Furthermore,
Richard Helms was a frequent weekend guest of the Mellon
patriarchs in Pittsburgh during his tenure as CIA director
Acid Dreams, The Complete
Social History of LSD: The CIA, The Sixties, And Beyond, by
Martin A. Lee & Bruce Shlain
Jung was an initiate into an anti-biblical esoteric
movement, and he consciously styled his religious crusade on the work of
the anti-Christian Roman Emperor Julian. Noll's view is that "for a
variety of technological factors — modern mass media being the most
important — Jung has succeeded where Julian failed." Evidence of Jung's
success can be found in the fact that "the patriarchal monotheism of the
orthodox Judeo-Christian faiths has all but collapsed. Filling that
void, however, we increasingly find Protestants, Catholics, and Jews
adopting alternative, syncretic belief systems that often belie a basis
in Jungian 'psychological' theories."
Those theories are entirely without scientific merit, and
Dr. Noll's scholarly efforts to debunk Jung — which began in his 1994
book The Jung Cult — have earned the hostility of Jung's disciples.
"Princeton University Press, which published The Jung Cult, pulled all
the advertising on the book after it was published," Noll informed THE
NEW AMERICAN. "Princeton Press counts on income from Jungian analysts,
and they organized a letter-writing campaign against me and against the
book, and issued some threats against the university. This sort of thing
went on while Jung was alive, of course; he and his followers wouldn't
Noll himself has come under attack from Jung's disciples.
"My reputation has come under assault in the press from Jungians, and
some of the reviews of my books have been thinly disguised attacks on
me," the Harvard researcher explained. "The treatment has been
especially rough in new age publications like Gnosis, for instance."
Many of the attacks have been inspired by religious devotion to a
supposed prophet, but some of them are rooted in simple economic
interest. "Jungian analysis is a lucrative field, and in some instances
one can become a Jungian analyst without displaying credentials or
submitting to peer scrutiny," Noll explained to THE NEW AMERICAN.
are many people who have a vested interest in concealing the fact that
Jung's theories and concepts are unmitigated gibberish."
Gibberish they may be, but Jung's theories and concepts
have proven to be dangerous and destructive nonetheless.
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